Heart Burn During Pregnancy: Major Causes Of Heart Burn During Pregnancy(2023)


1. Hormonal changes

The increased levels of hormones, particularly progesterone, relax the muscles of the digestive tract, including the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This relaxation allows stomach acid to flow back up into the oesophagus, causing heartburn.

Hormonal imbalance can trigger heartburn during pregnancy. 

2. Increased pressure on the stomach

As the pregnancy progresses, the growing uterus puts pressure on the stomach, which can push stomach acid upward into the oesophagus. This pressure contributes to the development of heartburn symptoms.

3. Reduced gastric emptying

Pregnancy hormones can also slow down the rate at which the stomach empties its contents. This delay in gastric emptying can result in increased acid production and a longer exposure of the oesophagus to stomach acid, leading to heartburn.

4. Dietary factors

Certain foods and beverages can trigger or worsen heartburn during pregnancy. These include spicy, fatty, or fried foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, caffeine, carbonated drinks and acidic foods.

5. Physical changes

As the baby grows, the expanding uterus can push the stomach upward, further increasing the likelihood of acid reflux and heartburn.

6. Stress and emotional factors

Stress and anxiety can exacerbate heartburn symptoms. Pregnancy is often accompanied by emotional changes and increased stress levels, which can contribute to the development or worsening of heartburn.

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