Zika Virus: Effect And Symptoms Of Zika Virus(2023)

Effects And Symptoms Of Zika Virus

First identified in Uganda in 1947, the World Health Organisation (WHO) defines Zika virus as a vector-borne disease that spreads through the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes genus. It spreads just like dengus and chikungunya. The disease can also be transferred from a pregnant woman to the fetus, through sexual contact and organ transplantation.

As per WHO, the majority of Zika virus victims do not exhibit any symptoms. When they develop, they often begin 3–14 days after infection, are mild in nature, and last 2–7 days. Symptoms of the disease include:

  • Rashes
  • Fever
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Muscle And Joint pain
  • Malaise
  • Headache

Since both arboviral and non-arboviral diseases share these symptoms, laboratory testing is necessary to establish the diagnosis of Zika virus infection. It must be distinguished from cross-reactive related flaviviruses like the dengue virus, to which the patient may have been exposed or previously immunised, as per WHO.

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