What is stiff-person syndrome?
Stiff-person syndrome is a rare neurological condition , which causes muscle stiffness (rigidity) and recurrent, excruciating muscle spasms. Muscle rigidity typically occurs concurrently with muscle spasms and gets worse before getting better. Spasms may occur spontaneously or be induced by a variety of various circumstances such as sudden noise or minor physical contact, as per the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
The disease does not show any prominent symptoms, and the severity of the neurological condition may vary from one person to another. If left untreated, SPS may worsen and difficult to walk, making it difficult for the patient to carry out everyday duties.
As per NIH, this condition affects more women as compared to men. It usually affects people who have an underlying autoimmune disease, including thyroiditis, vitiligo, type-1 diabetes, and anaemia.
Signs and symptoms of stiff-person syndrome
This rare, progressive neurological symptom does not cause any prominent symptoms, but there are some signs you should look out for:
- Muscle stiffness
- Stiffness in arms and legs
- Noise sensitivity
- Emotional Stress
- Muscle spasms
- Hunched over posture
- Inability to walk or move