What is the monkeypox virus?
Monkeypox, as the name suggests, is a viral zoonosis. It is a virus that gets transmitted from animals to humans. Its symptoms are somewhere similar to those found in past smallpox patients. However, smallpox got eradicated in 1980 and subsequently, its vaccination ceased. But the recent outbreak of monkeypox has made it the most important orthopoxvirus for public health.
Initially, monkeypox was widespread in countries like central and West Africa, the countries that were in proximity to tropical rainforests. But, now, we can clearly see it rising in urban areas. A range of rodents and non-human primates have animal hosts.
Symptoms of monkeypox
Anyone infected by monkeypox can most likely develop a rash that may be found on or near the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, or vagina) or anus (butthole). There is also a possibility on other areas like the hands, feet, chest, face, or mouth.
The rash worsens and goes through further stages, including scabs, before it heals.
Initially, the rash could resemble the look of a pimple or blister and could be painful or itchy.
* Swollen Lymph nodes
* Pain in muscles or back
* Respiratory issues like sore throat, nasal congestion, or cough
One might have all or just a few symptoms. Some people might experience symptoms related to flu before the rash starts showing.
While, for some, the rash appears first followed by other symptoms.
Many others might just get a rash.