Recent Health Study On Measles
What is Measles?
Measles is a communicable disease caused by a paramyxovirus family virus that spreads through the air or through direct contact. Dr Prashanth Urs, Sr Consultant Neonatologist and Pediatrician, Apollo hospitals Bannerghatta Road, Karnataka, told Healthshots, “Measles virus spreads through when an infected person sneezes or coughs. It is a highly contagious disease that can last in the air for up to 2 hours.”
As per the World Health Organisation, measles infects the respiratory tract, which subsequently spreads throughout the body. Before the Measles vaccine was introduced in 1963, significant outbreaks occurred that claimed around 2.6 million lives annually. As per the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, nearly 2.7 million children in India are affected by Measles every year.
Symptoms of measles
Anybody who gets measles will show symptoms after 7-14 days of exposure, asserts the expert.
A rash is one of the most common symptoms of measles that appear in people post exposure. People with measles can spread the disease 4 days before the rash appears to 4 days after it, he adds. People with measles should be closely monitored for other complications like ear infection, croup, diarrhoea, pneumonia, and encephalitis
It is advisable for a person with measles to stay isolated as the disease can spread through coughing and sneezing. Standard airborne infection precautions should be deployed, as per the expert.